Author Guidelines

Authors are requested to adhere to the following guidelines during the preparation of the manuscript:


Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format (docx). Manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word must be converted into a single file before submission. File size should not be more than 120MB

Article Length

The length of Articles should be between 4000 to 8000 words. This includes all text including references and appendices.

Article Title

A title should be at the first page with not more than eight to twelve words.

Author Details

Kindly provide the following information on the title page (in the order given). It should include:

•           Title to manuscript,

•           Name of the author(s)

•           Affiliation

•          Correct Email Addresses should each author

•          Contact number(s)

 •          Corresponding author (Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication.)

Biographies and acknowledgments

Authors who wish to include these items can supply a brief biography in the same file Microsoft-word file at the end with word limits of no more than 100.

Research funding

Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. (If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.)

Structured Abstract

The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions.

Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, set out under 4-7 sub-headings. 

  • Purpose
  • Design/methodology/approach
  • Findings
  • Research limitations/implications
  • Practical implications
  • Social implications
  • Originality/value

A concise and factual abstract is required. The maximum is 250 words in total (including keywords and article classification, see below).


Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords during submission.

Example: Economic Growth, Foreign Direct Investment, Relationship, Canada.

The maximum number of keywords is 12. All keywords are subject to approval by JRAS in house editorial team and may be replaced by a matching term to ensure consistency.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchies of headings. 

The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.

Notes /footnotes/Endnotes

Footnotes should be limited to explanatory purposes and kept to a minimum. It must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.


All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. 


Author can presents Figures in text or at the end of the paper. Number figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. All Figures should be of high quality, legible, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals.


Author can presents Tables in text or at the end of the paper. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Avoid vertical rules.
Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure, or plate.


References to other publications must be in Harvard or APA style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef.

You should cite publications in the text: (Samuel, 2009) using the first-named author's name or (Samuel and Brown, 2009) citing both names of two, and (Samuel et al., 2009) when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

Reference for Books

Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.

e.g. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.

Smith, A. (1776). The wealth of National. New York: Publisher: Edwin Cannan (ed.) in 1937, Modern Library.

Ricardo, D. (1817). On The Principle of Political Economy And Taxation. London: John Murray.

For the Chapters of Book

Surname, Initials (year), "Chapter title", Editor's Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20.


Surname, Initials (year), "Title of article", Journal Name, volume issue, pages.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), "Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.

For published 
conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year of publication), "Title of paper", in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), "Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner", in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.

For unpublished 
conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year), "Title of paper", paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).

For encyclopedia entries 
(with no author or editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year) "Title of entry", volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.

(For authored entries please refer to book chapter guidelines above)

For newspaper 
articles (authored)

Surname, Initials (year), "Article title", Newspaper, date, pages.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008), "Money for old rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4.

For newspaper 
articles (non-authored)

Newspaper (year), "Article title", date, pages.

e.g. Daily News (2008), "Small change", 2 February, p. 7.

For archival or other unpublished sources

Surname, Initials, (year), "Title of document", Unpublished Manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive.

e.g. Litman, S. (1902), "Mechanism & Technique of Commerce", Unpublished Manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

For electronic sources

If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.

e.g. Castle, B. (2005), "Introduction to web services for remote portlets", available at: (accessed 12 November 2007).

Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).

For data

Surname, Initials (year), Title of Data Set, Name of data repository, available at: Persistent URL 

e.g. Campbell, A. and Kahn, R.L. (1999), American National Election Study, 1948, ICPSR07218-v3, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor), Ann Arbor, MI, available at:

Frequently asked questions

Is there a submission fee
for the journal?

There are no submission fees of publishing in JRAS.

What should be included
in my paper's word count?

The word count for your paper should include the structured abstract, references, and all text in tables and figures. You can see the author guidelines of JRAS on the website.

How can I become
a reviewer for a journal?

Please register to JRAS or simply contact the Editor of JRAS, with a copy of your CV, to be considered as a reviewer.

Who do I contact if I want to find out which volume and issue my accepted paper will publish in?

Firstly, login on website with your username and password click on 'Manuscripts with Decisions' and check the 'status' column of the table that will appear at the bottom of the page and check the status of your manuscript. If this information is not present, then you may email the Editor of the JRAS to ask which volume and issue your paper is most likely to feature in.

Who do I contact if I have
a query about the login page of JRAS?

If you are having a problem with login please email the JRAS journal's Editor or Content Editor for help and advice.

Is my paper suitable
for the journal?

If, after reading the journal's aims and scope you are still unsure whether your paper is suitable for the journal, please email the JRAS Editor and include your paper's title and structured abstract. The Editor will be able to advise on the suitability of your paper.